Putting a Stop to Discrimination between Individuals and Risks

All over the world, social security approaches? coming on the scene has been concomitant with the state interventions over the economic sphere. Also, it is not a coincidence that the concepts like ?Social Politics?, ?Social Security?, ?Social Medicine? and ?Human Rights? have come on the scene concomitantly as well. In the period during which human rights movements have been on the highest increase and coming on the scene with continuously updated documents, ?social security? has also took part in this constellation. It is also meaningful that the reflections of health and labour enterprises over the international platform have occurred as accompanying to the controlling efforts by means of common international norms and agreements. It is not a coincidence, yet should be examined carefully; and the list of the meaningful actions could be extended. Therefore, one should search for the common ground by which these actions have become prevailed.

The common ground is that the ?democratic and secular social state? that is ?respectful to fundamental human rights? has become on the side of the individuals. When this common ground is abolished, all rights seem to be broken off each other and left apart weakened. We should examine the social security crisis that our country lives through today from this perspective.

In our country, social security has not come to the fore as a system. This is why the Labour Insurance Institution has favoured more active segments of the society at the expense of the others in 1946. For us, it was due to the change in the political climate in the 1946?s. Among the plans prepared in order to direct political economy after the war, the most important ones, ?1946 Plan? and ?1946 Urgent Industrial Plan?, was not realised to a full extent. And this was the first sign indicating a distance from the social security policies.

Especially after the 1980?s, explicitly developed anti-social state movements have weakened the social state system deeply.

Now, the social state system in our country works through providing different services to the different segments of our society. These services are provided to the labourers via Social Insurance Institution, to the civil servants via the Retirement Trust and to the self-employed people via Bag-Kur (Social Insurance Board for Businessmen, Craftsmen and other Independent Professionals). This mechanism insulates these different segments from each other and leads to discriminations by means of adopting different regulations. Also, it leads to the creation of a huge segment that is not utilised from any social security services.